Kingsbridge and Dartmouth Turnpike Trust                                (updated 24th Sept 2013)

This trust, created in 1824, was responsible for a network of roads in the South Hams. It claimed it would help the woollen trade and access to export routes.

List of Acts

Kingsbridge and Dartmouth

Dartmouth to Modbury & Salcombe

5 Geo4 c31

1824

 

Kingsbridge and Dartmouth

Dartmouth to Modbury & Salcombe

9 Geo4 c12

1828

 

Kingsbridge and Dartmouth

 

4&5 Wil4 c73

1834

 

 

Kingsbridge Salcombe 1824

An Act for making and maintaining certain Roads from Kingsbridge to Dartmouth, Modbury, Salcombe, and other Places in the South Part of the County of Devon. [12th April 1824.]

many of the Roads in the South Part of the County of Devon are narrow and inconvenient, circuitous and hilly :And whereas the making and maintaining Turnpike Roads from or near the Town of Kingsbridge, to and through the Village of Aveton Gijford, and from thence to unite with the Turnpike Road from Modbury to Plymouth, through the Town of Modbury, at or near Palm Cross Green; and from the said Town of Kingsbridge by way of Soreley Green in the Parish of West Alvington, and by Bell Cross in the Parish of Dodbrooke, to a certain Place called Farmston in the Parish of Halwill, there to unite with the Totnes Turnpike; and from or near Kingsbridge aforesaid, to Salcombe in the Parish of Malborough; and from Kingsbridge aforesaid to Frogmore in the Parish of Charleton; and from a certain Point of the said Road between Kingsbridge and Frogmore, situate on Highhouse Farm in the Parish of Dodbrooke, to One hundred and twenty Yards beyond the Bounds of the County Bridge at Ranscombe, in the Parish of Sherford, to unite with the Road leading to Dartmouth; and from Soreley Green aforesaid, to and through the Village of Loddiswell, to or near a Place called Venn Cross in the Parish of Ugborough; and from or near the East End of the Mill Pond in the Parish of Saint Saviour's, adjoining the Town of Dartmouth, through Ford Valley to Townstal Farm House, and from thence to a Public House called. The Ship in Dock, and to a certain Spot called Waterpool, in the said Parish of Townstal, and from thence to Farmston aforesaid, there to unite with the Totnes Turnpike, and from thence to pass along by Morley, Topsham Bridge, and Leigh Moor, to Palm Cross Green, through the Town of Modbury aforesaid, by opening, shortening, and facilitating the Communication between Kingsbridge, Dartmouth, Totnes, Modbury, Plymouth, Exeter, and many other Places will be attended with great Benefit and Advantage to the Inhabitants of those Towns and Neighbourhood, which are exceedingly populous, and in which considerable Woollen Manufactories are carried on, as well as a large Foreign Trade to Newfoundland, Spain, Portugal, Italy, and other Paris beyond the Seas; and which Roads will run through the several Parishes following; (that is to say), Kingsbridge, West Aldington, South Milton, South Huish, Malborough, Sherford, Charleton, Dodbrooke, East Allington, Woodleigh, Morley, Halwill, Blackauton, Corn-worthy, Stokefleming, Dittisham, Townstal, Saint Saviour's, Loddiswcll, Churstow, Aveton Gifford, Ugborough, North Huish, and Modbury, all in the County of Devon; but the same cannot be effected without the Authority of Parliament:

 

Kingsbridge Salcombe 1828

An Act for more effectually making, repairing, and maintaining certain Roads from Kingsbridge to Dartmouth, Modbury, Salcombe, and other Places in the South Part of the County of Devon. [26th March 1828.]

for the Purpose of more herein effectually repairing, widening, altering, diverting, and from Time to Time improving and keeping in repair the Road from the North Entrance of the Churchyard in Kingsbridge, by way of Aveton Gifford and Stoliford Bridge, through Modbury, to unite with the present Turnpike Road leading from Modbury to Plymouth; and from the said North Entrance to the Churchyard in Kingsbridge to Frogmore Bridge, and by Mill Street, Westalvington, and Malborough, to Salcombe; and from a certain Point of the said Road to Frogmore, situate upon High-house Farm, to Ramcombe Bridge; and from the North Entrance to the Churchyard in Kingsbridge aforesaid, by way of Knowle and Soreley Green, and byway of Sugar Lane and Bell Cross, to unite with the Turnpike Road to Totnes at or near Farmston, and to unite with the Turnpike Road from Dartmouth to Modbury at or near Morley Cross; and from the South End of Batt's Lane, by Well Cross, and a new Line or Cut of Road, to unite with the present Road to Totnes and Dartmouth ,- and also from the East Side of the Mill Pond adjoining the Town of Darmouth ; and from the Ship in Dock, by way of Townstal Farm-house and Halwell Cross, to unite with the Turnpike Roads to Kingsbridge and Totnes, at or near Farmston aforesaid; and a certain new Cut or Line of Road leading from and out of the said Road at or near Collaton Cross to or near Ritson Lane End; and from a certain Spot in the Parish of Saint Petrox, near a House called Stoke Cliff, adjoining the South End of the Town of Dartmouth, by Warfleet and Week Cross, to Deadman’s Cross, and thence to unite with the Turnpike Road from Dartmouth to Kingsbridge at or near Long Cross  and Townstall Farm aforesaid; and also from  the Village of Stake-Fleming to Week Cross and Swannaton Cross; and from Soreley Green aforesaid to Ven Cross; and from a certain Point in the said Road to Ven Cross, at or near the new County Bridge across the River Avon,  to Aveton Gifford aforesaid ;   and   also from Halwell Cross, by Halwell and Morley, to Morley Post, and thence, by way of Yeo and Topsham Bridge, to Mary Cross, and thence to unite with   the Turnpike Road  from Kingsbridge to Plymouth at or near the Cross in Modbury ; and from Morley Post aforesaid, by way of Gara Bridge, to Mary Cross aforesaid; and which said Roads will run  to, into, or through the several Parishes following ; (that is to say,)  Southpool,   Townstal,   Stoke-Fleming,  Saint Petrox,   Halwell, Blackawton,  Modbury,  Stokenham,  Diptfbrd,   North Huish,  South Brent, Loddiswell, Dodbrooke, Kingsbridge, Westalvington, Churstow, Malborough, Buckland Tout-Saints, Charlton, Sherford, South Milton, South   Huish,   East  Allington,   Woodleigh,   Morley,   Cornworthy, Dittisham, Saint Saviour's, Aveton Gifford, and Ugborough, or some of them, all  in the County  of Devon:

 Provided always, that if the said Road from Morley Post, by way of Gara Bridge, to Mary Cross aforesaid, shall be first made, then the Powers and Authorities given by this Act for making the said Road from Morley Post, by way of Yeo and Topsham Bridge, to Mary Cross aforesaid, shall cease and determine; and if the said Line of Road from Morley Post, by way of Yeo and Topsham Bridge, to Mary Cross, shall be first made, then the Powers and Authorities given by this Act for making the said Road from Morley Post, by way of Gara Bridge, to Mary Cross aforesaid,  shall cease and determine, except as to a certain Portion of Road contained in the Line between Gara Bridge and Mary Cross aforesaid,   and   leading  from   or near a   certain Spot called Churchland Green, to  unite with the Turnpike Road to Ven Cross at or near Comer's Cross.

Kingsbridge Dartmouth 1834

An Act for more effectually repairing certain Roads from Kingsbridge to Dartmouth, and for making new Branches to and from the same, all in the County of Devon. [27th June 1834.]

for  the  Purpose   of  more  effectually amending, improving, and keeping in repair the Road from the North Entrance of   the Churchyard in Kingsbridge, by way of Aveton Gifford and Stoliford Bridge, through Modbury, to unite with the present Turnpike Road leading from Modbury to Plymouth ; and from the said North  Entrance  to the Churchyard   in Kingsbridge  to  Frogmore Bridge, and by Mill Street, Westalvington, and Marlborough, to Salcombe ; and   from a certain Point of the said  Road to Frogmore, situate upon Highhouse Farm, to Ranscombe Bridge ; and from the North Entrance to the Churchyard in Kingsbridge aforesaid, by way of Knowle and Soreley Green, and by way of Sugar Lane and Bell Cross, to unite with the Turnpike Road to Totnes at or near Farmston, and to unite with the Turnpike Road from Dartmouth to Modbury at or near Morley Cross; and from the South End  of
Batt's Lane, by Well Cross and a new Line or Cut of Road, to unite with the present Road to Totnes and Dartmouth; and also from the East Side of the Millpond adjoining the Town of Dartmouth; and from  the Ship in Dock, by way of Townstal Farmhouse and Halwell Cross, to unite with the Turnpike Roads to Kingsbridge and Totnes at or near Farmston aforesaid ; and a certain new Cut or Line of Road leading from and out of the said Road, at or near Collaton Cross, to or near Ritson Lane End; and from a certain Spot in the Parish of Saint Petrox near a House called Stoke Cliff,  adjoining the South End  of the Town of Dartmouth, by Warfteet and Week Cross, to Deadman's Cross, and thence to unite with the Turnpike Road from Dartmouth to Kingsbridge at or near Long Cross and Townstal Farm aforesaid ; and also from the Village of Stokefleming to Week Cross and Swannaton Cross, and from Soreley Green aforesaid to Ven Cross, and  from a  certain Point  in   the said Road to   Ven Cross at or near the   new  County Bridge  across   the   River Avon to Aveton Gifford aforesaid; and also from Halwell Cross, by Halwell and Morley, to Morley Post, and thence, by way of Yeo and Topsham Bridge, to Mary Cross,   and thence to unite with  the Turnpike   Road from Kingsbridge to Plymouth at or near the Cross in Modbury ,  and from, Morley Post aforesaid, by way of Gara Bridge, to Mary Cross aforesaid ; and which said Roads will run to, into, or through the several Parishes   following ;   (that  is to  say,)  Southpool, Townstall, Stokefleming, Saint Petrox, Halwell, Blackawton, Modbury, Stokenham, Diptford,  North Huish, South Brent, Loddiiswell, Dodbrooke, Kingsbridge, Westalvington, Churstow, Malborough, Buckland-Tout-Saints, Charlton, Sherford, South Milton, South Huish, East Allington, Woodleigh, Morley, Cornworthy, Dittisham, Saint Saviour's, Aveton Gifford, and Ugborough, or some of them, all in the County of Devon : Provided always, that if the said Road from Morley Post by way of Gara Bridge to Mary Cross aforesaid shall be first made, then the Powers and Authorities given by this Act for making the said Road from Morley Post, by way of Yeo and Topsham Bridge, to Mary Cross aforesaid, shall cease and determine; and if the said Line of Road from Morley Post, by way of Yeo and 'Topsham Bridge, to Mary Cross, shall be first made, then the Powers and Authorities given by this Act for making the said Road from Morley Post by Way of Gara Bridge to Mary Cross aforesaid shall cease and determine, except as to a certain Portion of Road contained in the Line between Gara Bridge and Mary Cross aforesaid, and leading from or near a certain Spot called Churchland Green, to unite with the Turnpike Road to Ven Cross at or near Comer's Cross; and also a certain Parish Road or Highway from Stoliford Bridge by the Poorhouse to its Junction with a certain Road leading from Galpin Street to Elston Cross, and Two hundred Yards from  the said  Junction towards Elston Cross; also Fifty Yards of a certain other Road leading from or near Mary Cross towards Shipham, and a certain Diversion or new Line of Road leading from and out of the said Turnpike Road between Stoliford Bridge and Modbury, and uniting with the said Road from Modbury to Bigbury at or near the Top of Prigdon Hill, and continuing therein Two hundred Yards towards Bigbury; also from Scoldon's Lane One hundred and twenty Yards in a cer­tain Lane called Back Lane, and One hundred and Twenty Yards from the Entrance to Modbury up Galpin Street ; and also, from or near Berry Gate, Two hundred Yards of a certain Highway towards Salcombe; and from or near the Turnpike Gate called the Quay Gate to Tacket Wood Bridge, and a certain Lane leading thereout to Square's Quay, called Sand Lane; and from or near Greenhill to Foxhole Bridge, and to unite with the Road to Salcombe at or near the Pump in Kingsbridge, and with the Road to Frog-more at or near Salt Mill Quay ; also Two hundred Yards in each of the Roads leading from Bell Cross to Addlehole and Washbrook Mill ; and a certain Lane leading from Bell Cross to unite with the Turnpike Road to Ven Cross, called Wallingford Lane ; and also a certain Road leading from Stanborough Cross to or near Ritson Lane End, and Two hundred Yards in a certain Lane called Blackawton Lane, leading out of the Turnpike Road near Stanborough Heights towards Blackawton; and Two hundred Yards in each of the Roads leading from Swannaton Cross to Swannaton and Cousins's Barn, and Two hundred Yards in a certain Road leading from Dead-man's Cross to Waterpool ; and also for making, improving, and maintaining a new Line of Road commencing at the End of the present Turnpike Road in the Village of Stokefleming, and passing through or by the Villages of Blackpool Street, Torr Cross, Stokenham, and Chillington, and terminating at the End of the present Turnpike Road in the Village of Frogmore ; a new Line of Road commencing at the present Turnpike Road leading from Dartmouth to Totnes at Collaton Cross otherwise Blackawton Cross in the Parish of Blackawton, and terminating at the present Turnpike Road leading from Dartmouth to Modbury at Morley Cross in the Parish of Morley ; a new Line of Road commencing at Cox's Bridge in the Parish of Diptford, and terminating in the present Turnpike Road at or near Comber's Cross in the Parish of Modbury ; a new Line of Road commencing at or near Backdown Gate in the Parish of Loddiswell, and terminating in the present Turnpike Road leading from Dartmouth to Modbury on Lee Moors in the said Parish of Modbury ; a new Line or Branch of Road commencing at Mary Cross in the said Parish of Modbury, and passing along the present Highway, by Shipham Mill and Crownwell Cross, to unite with the present Turnpike Road leading from Totnes to Plymouth near the Fawn Hotel in the said Parish of Modbury ; to widen and improve the present Turnpike Road leading to Dodbrooke Quay from the Town of Kingsbridge ; to widen and improve the present Turnpike Road through the Village of Loddiswell ; to make Turnpike, widen, and improve the present Highway leading from the present Turnpike Road at Week Cross in the Parish of Stokefleming, by Ven Cross and Riversbridge, to Blackpool ; to make Turnpike, widen, and improve the present Highway leading from the Village of Chillington, by Coleridge Cross, Frittiscombe, and Petty France and South Ground, to Slapton Cellars to make Turnpike, widen, and improve the present Highway leading from Penny's Cross in the Parish of Stokenham to Coleridge Cross aforesaid ; and to make Turnpike widen, and improve the present Highway leading from the present Turnpike Road at Sorley Green to the present Turnpike at Churchstowe Cross near the Village of Churchstow, all in the County of Devon.

 

Select Committee on State of Roads 1840

Thomas Harris of Kingsbridge (clerk to the trust) reported

There are 56 miles of road thru 21 parishes – all repaired by the trustees

19 toll gates and 8 side gates

The roads are stated to be in “tolerable repair” – no part under indictment for want of repair.

 

Report to Secretary of State

No. 16—KINGSBRIDGE AND DARTMOUTH ROADS.

The existing Local Act for these roads, the 4th and 5th of William IV. cap. 73., repealed the previous Act of the 9th of George IV. cap. 12., authorized the formation of some new roads, and granted a new term which would have expired with the present session but has been extended to the 1st day of November next.

 

The total length of these raids is 66 miles 6 furlongs 197 yards, as under;—

 

 

Miles

Furl

Yards

Toll

gates

Bars

1. From Kingsbridge, by way of Aveton Gifford, and Stolliford Bridge, through Modbury -

2. From Kingsbridge, through Frogmore, Chillington, Stokenham, Torcross, and Stoke-Fleming, to near the Viaduct, Warfleet, Dartmouth -

3. From Kingsbridge, by Mill Street, West Alvington, and Marlborougb, to Salcombe -

4. From the Embankment Bridge to Ranscombe Bridge

5. From Kingsbridge, by way of Knowle and Sorley Green, nnd by way of Sugar Lane and Bell Cross by Stanbrough, Halwell Cross, to the Schoolhouse, New Road, Dartmouth -

6. From Townstall Cross, by way of Mount Boon, to the top of Ridge Hill

7. From Week Cross to Swannaton, and Deadman's Cross to the Turnpike Road near Long Cross  -

8. From Sorley Green to Ven Cross –

9. From Halwell Cross to Halwell –

10. From Morley Cross to Gara Bridge, and Mary Cross to Brownston Street, Modbury –

11. From Stolliford Bridge to a road leading from Galpin Street to Elston Cross, and 200 yards from the said junction towards Elston Cross  -

12. From Mary Cross towards Shipham    -

13. From the turnpike road between Stolliford Bridge and Modbury to a. road from Modbury to Bigbury, at or near the top of Pigdon Hill, and 200 yards beyond –

14. From Scoldon's Lane, 120 yards in Back Lane

15. From the entrance to Modbury, up Galpin Street

16. From the turnpike gate, called Quay Gate, to Tacket Wood Bridge -

17. From No.16. road, up a certain lane leading to Square's Quay, called Sand Lane .-

18. 200 yards in each of the roads from Ball Cross to Addlehole, and Washbrook Mill  -

19. A certain lane called Wallingford Lane

20. From Stanborough Cross to Ritson Lane End, and 200 yards in Blackawton Lane

21. 200 yards in each of the roads from Swannaton Cross to Swannaton, and Cousin's Barn

22. 200 yards from Deadman's Cross to Waterpool, and from Sorley Green Gate towards Churchstow Cross - •

 

 

7

 

14

 

6

 

1

 

 

16

 

0

 

1

7

0

 

7

 

0

 

0

 

 

0

0

0

0

 

0

 

0

0

 

0

 

0

 

0

 

7

 

3

 

3

 

4

 

 

0

 

2

 

1

4

2

 

6

 

3

 

0

 

 

4

0

0

2

 

0

 

1

2

 

6

 

1

 

1

 

137

 

66

 

11

 

22

 

 

93

 

209

 

132

82

55

 

88

 

193

 

50

 

 

0

120

120

82

 

66

 

180

148

 

176

 

180

 

180

 

3

 

5

 

2

 

1

 

 

6

 

 

 

1

1

 

 

2

 

1

 

 

 

1

 

 

1

 

 

 

 

1

 

 

 

 

 

1

 

 

 

2

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

2

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

2

 

 

1

 

 

66

6

197

26

7

 

Of these lengths, 2 miles 1 furlong 198 yards, are repaired by the parishes, and 6 furlongs 198 yards -by the county. There are 26 toll-gates and 7 side-bars, but the existing Act specifics the number of tolls which may be taken on the several portions, and for passing over the whole of the roads limits the number of payments to six full tolls; the full rates of toll are not taken, except for two-wheeled carriages affixed, for oxen, &c., and for sheep, &c., the rates levied being in general two-thirds, and on horses, &c, not drawing, one half, the amounts authorized. There are no weighing machines.

 

The mortgage debt in 1839 was £19,485, some portion of which  was due to the Exchequer Loan Commissioners, and appears to have been paid off by annual instalments until 1840, by which time the debt had been reduced to £16.485, and it remained at that amount until 1854, since this latter date an addition of £3,278. 17s. 6d. has been made, the consent of the Secretary of State being obtained for £2,478 17s. 6d of this amount.

 

With reference to the above sum being added, under the sanction of the Secretary of State, to the debt of a Trust, already so heavily burdened, it may be stated that, at the time of the passing of the Act, the 12th and 13th of Victoria, cap. 87-, containing the clause restricting the Trustees of turnpike roads from borrowing money without the previous consent of the Secretary of State, the Trustees of these roads were in the midst of making a new road,—authorized by their Local Act, but the formation of which had been postponed from several causes,—and had incurred liabilities which if not sanctioned would have involved the Trustees in great embarrassment; the difference between these two amounts, £800, appears to have been borrowed by the Trustees in 1854 but previous to the passing of the above-named Act. Of these debts, thus recently incurred, the sum of £500 has been paid off. Interest on the whole debt has been charged at £5 per cent., but the Trust revenues have not been equal to the payment of the full amount, and the arrears at the end of the year 1864 had accumulated to the sum of £17.025 13s. 11d. except as to a sum of £1500, on which no arrears are due.

 

The accounts show that the toll receipts fell off in 1842 and 1848, in which years the Trustees were unable to let the tolls for what they considered a fair price, and therefore kept them in hand; in 1854, and following years, the receipts were increased, owing to a reduction in the rates of toll, the opening of the new road, and greater competition ;—parish aid has been contributed since 1856, at first under orders from the Justices, then voluntarily until 1864, when some of the parishes refused until orders had been obtained;—the money borrowed has been explained above;—under the head of incidental receipts, in 1854 to 1856, were entered sums, amounting in the whole to £310, contributed by three parishes towards the completion of the new road from Frogmore to Torcross. The funds have been expended, in repairing the road (at increased cost in late years, it being necessary to put on more materials than formerly);—salaries (£121 10s. per annum);—law charges (of large amount in 1357 occasioned by an appeal to the Quarter Sessions to obtain aid from the parishes; the sums in 1856, 1858 to 1861, were also principally incurred in obtaining parish aid);—interest of debt;—improvements;—portions of the principal (since 1856, a total sum of £2,135 12s. 0d. has been paid off by £1.264 10s.;—in 1859, £179. 10s. was accepted in discharge of £400);—and incidentals.

 

Anticipating the expiration of their Local Act, the Trustees, by their clerk, inquired in 1863 whether sanction would be given to an application to Parliament to authorize the borrowing of such a sum of money as would enable them to pay off the present creditors at the rate of £50 for every £100 of their principal, all the back interest being given up; to this it was stated in reply that Sir George Grey could not express his approval of the terms upon which the Trustees proposed to apply for a renewal of the Act, especially as there might be a difficulty in borrowing money at such a low rate of interest as would probably be fixed.

 

List of Roads

1.  Kingsbridge, by way of Aveton Gifford, and Stolliford Bridge, through Modbury;  The A379 NW from Kingsbridge to Modbury; ie  North Entrance of  the Churchyard in Kingsbridge, by way of Aveton Gifford and Stoliford Bridge, through Modbury, to unite with the present Turnpike Road leading from Modbury to Plymouth (about 8 miles)

2.  Kingsbridge, through Frogmore, Chillington, Stokenham, Torcross, and Stoke-Fleming, to near the Viaduct, Warfleet, Dartmouth; The A379 W from Kingsbridge and along Slapton Sands, branch onto B3205 to approach Dartmouth through Warfleet;-- ie Spot in the Parish of Saint Petrox near a House called Stoke Cliff,  adjoining the South End  of the Town of Dartmouth, by Warfteet and Week Cross, to Deadman's Cross, and thence to unite with the Turnpike Road from Dartmouth to Kingsbridge at or near Long Cross and Townstal Farm , as well as from the Village of Stokefleming to Week Cross and Swannaton Cross  as well as Road in the Village of Stokefleming, and passing through or by the Villages of Blackpool Street, Torr Cross, Stokenham, and Chillington, and terminating at the End of the present Turnpike Road in the Village of Frogmore (about 14 miles)

3.  Kingsbridge, by Mill Street, West Alvington, and Marlborougb, to Salcombe; The A381 NE from Kingsbridge to Salcombe; ie North  Entrance  to the Churchyard   in Kingsbridge  to  Frogmore Bridge, and by Mill Street, Westalvington, and Marlborough, to Salcombe (about 6.5 miles)

4.  the Embankment Bridge to Ranscombe Bridge The A379 Embankment Road, Kingsbridge; ie Point of the said  Road to Frogmore, situate upon Highhouse Farm, to Ranscombe Bridge (less than a mile)

5.  Kingsbridge, by way of Knowle and Sorley Green, and by way of Sugar Lane and Bell Cross by Stanbrough, Halwell Cross, to the Schoolhouse, New Road, Dartmouth; The B3264 N from Kingsbridge to Sorley, then A381 to Halwell, then E on B3207 to join A379 to descend into Dartmouth; also UC road Sugar Lane and Bell Lane connecting to A381 at the Kingsbridge end. i.e. North Entrance to the Churchyard in Kingsbridge aforesaid, by way of Knowle and Soreley Green, and by way of Sugar Lane and Bell Cross, to unite with the Turnpike Road to Totnes at or near Farmston, and to unite with the Turnpike Road from Dartmouth to Modbury at or near Morley Cross; as well as -- from  the Ship in Dock, by way of Townstal Farmhouse and Halwell Cross, to unite with the Turnpike Roads to Kingsbridge and Totnes at or near Farmston (about 16 miles)

6.  Townstall Cross, by way of Mount Boon, to the top of Ridge Hill The A379 link above Dartmouth between A3122 jct and B3205 jct (about 1.5 miles)

7.  Week Cross to Swannaton, and Deadman's Cross to the Turnpike Road near Long Cross; UC lanes above Dartmouth linking road 6 to others (less than a mile)

8.  Sorley Green to Ven Cross  B3196 from Sorley Green, N through Loddiswell to cross Gara Bridge to Mary Cross road at California Cross; then north to Ugborough – -  ie from Soreley Green, through the Village of Loddiswell, to or near a Place called Venn Cross in the Parish of Ugborough at the B3210 jct (about 7 miles)

9.  Halwell Cross to Halwell ; Short section of B3207 (less than a mile)

10.  Morley Cross to Gara Bridge, and Mary Cross to Brownston Street, Modbury; UC road (was B3207) from Halwell, through Moreleigh, over Gara Bridge, through Brownston and Mary Cross to Modbury; i.e. from Halwell Cross, by Halwell and Morley, to Morley Post, and thence, by way of Yeo and Topsham Bridge, to Mary Cross,   and thence to unite with  the Turnpike   Road from Kingsbridge to Plymouth at or near the Cross in Modbury as well as from, Morley Post aforesaid, by way of Gara Bridge, to Mary Cross (about 7 miles)

11.  Stolliford Bridge to a road leading Galpin Street to Elston Cross, and 200 yards  the said junction towards Elston Cross UC road from A379 east of Modbury to UC road (was B3207) leading to Aylston Cross (less than a mile)

12.  Mary Cross towards Shipham UC road from Mary Cross to Sheepham, N of Modbury; ie Road commencing at Mary Cross in the said Parish of Modbury, and passing along the present Highway, by Shipham Mill and Crownwell Cross, to unite with the present Turnpike Road leading from Totnes to Plymouth near the Fawn Hotel in the said Parish of Modbury (less than a mile)

13.  From junction between Stolliford Bridge and Modbury to a junction between Modbury to Bigbury, near the top of Pigdon Hill,; Between Severn Stones and Hunts Cross on UC road connecting A379 and B3392 (about a mile)

14.  Scoldon's Lane, 120 yards in Back Lane; Probably around the tollhouse – in Moreleigh? (less than a mile)

15.  From the entrance to Modbury, up Galpin Street (less than a mile)

16.  from the turnpike gate, called Quay Gate, to Tacket Wood Bridge short distance around Kingsbridge Quay

17.  No.16. road, up a certain lane leading to Square's Quay, called Sand Lane short distance around Kingsbridge Quay

18. 200 yards in each of the roads  Bell Cross to Addlehole, and Washbrook Mill; distance around Bell Cross (tollhouse) N of Kingsbridge

19. A certain lane called Wallingford Lane; short distance N of Kingsbridge

20.  Stanborough Cross to Ritson Lane End, and 200 yards in Blackawton Lane short distance around Halwell junction; ie Road, at or near Collaton Cross, to or near Ritson Lane End

21. 200 yards in each of the roads  Swannaton Cross to Swannaton, and Cousin's Barn short distance around Swannaton Cross tollhouse above Dartmouth

22. 200 yards  Deadman's Cross to Waterpool, and  Sorley Green Gate towards Churchstow Cross - • short distances around Deadman’s Cross tollhouse above Dartmouth and Sorley Green Tollhouse N of Kingsbridge.

Modbury Milestone Typical milestone erected by the trust in a design referred to as Modbury Triangle

This one is located half a mile east of Modbury.

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Known Tollhouses (extracts from Tollhouse National database) 23 identified of the 19 reported by the trust (survivors in bold)

Road Classification Number

Route

GATE NAME

OS Grid Ref- Prefi

Easting

Northing

District

Civil Parish

Location (Name or Number)

Road or Street (see across)

Position

Evidence

Revised 23rd Sept 2013

erected by (Turnpike Trust or Authority)

Bibliographic refs

A379

Plymouth to Kingsbridge

Aveton Gifford

SX

692

472

DVSH

AVETON GIFFORD

at jct near bridge

across the stakes

not certain a house at the gate

OS 1st Series; ; ;

Kingsbridge and Dartmouth

Jenkinson T. & Taylor P. (2009), "The Toll-houses of South Devon", p53

UC road

Kingsbridge to Totnes

Belle Hill

SX

742

457

DVSH

BUCKLAND TOUT SAINTS

Belle Hill

 

 

; ; ;

Kingsbridge and Dartmouth

 

A379

Dartmouth to Torcross

Swannaton

SX

86941

50030

DVSH

DARTMOUTH

Tolgate Cottage

Swannaton Road

jct with Dartmouth Road (road built 1824)

; ; ;

Kingsbridge and Dartmouth

Jenkinson T. & Taylor P. (2009), "The Toll-houses of South Devon", p59

A379

Dartmouth to Torcross

Deadman's Cross

SX

86603

50921

DVSH

DARTMOUTH

Toll Cottage, No. 28

Yorke Road

at jct with Milton Lane

; ; ;

Kingsbridge and Dartmouth

Jenkinson T. & Taylor P. (2009), "The Toll-houses of South Devon", p61; 1871 census

A3122

Dartmouth to Totnes

Olstone Cross

SX

819

519

DVSH

DARTMOUTH

Oldstone Cross, nr Golf Club

jct for Blackawton

 

; ; ;

Kingsbridge and Dartmouth

Jenkinson T. & Taylor P. (2009), "The Toll-houses of South Devon", p59; 1871 census

UC road

 

Townstall (Higher)

SX

867

514

DVSH

DARTMOUTH

Victoria Road, jct with Britannia Avenue

 

road built 1825

; ; ;

Kingsbridge and Dartmouth

Jenkinson T. & Taylor P. (2009), "The Toll-houses of South Devon", p60; 1841 census

UC road (was B3207)

Modbury to Halwell

Moreleigh

SX

758

526

DVSH

HALWELL AND MORELEIGH

Place Barton

 

 

OS 1st Series; ; ;

Kingsbridge and Dartmouth

Jenkinson T. & Taylor P. (2009), "The Toll-houses of South Devon", p60

A3122

Dartmouth to Modbury

Scoldon’s Lane

SX

78

53

DVSH

HALWELL AND MORELEIGH

Morleigh village?

 

 

; ; ;

Kingsbridge and Dartmouth

 

A381

Kingsbridge to Halwell

Stanborough

SX

772

514

DVSH

HALWELL AND MORELEIGH

Between Ritson Lane End and Stanborough, Halwell (or East Allington)

 

; ; ;

Kingsbridge and Dartmouth

Jenkinson T. & Taylor P. (2009), "The Toll-houses of South Devon", p57; 1881 census

UC road

Totnes to Kingbridge

Belle Cross

SX

739

446

DVSH

KINGSBRIDGE

Belle Cross, Dodbooke

 

Sheldon said it in 1933

OS 1st Series; ; ;

Kingsbridge and Dartmouth

Jenkinson T. & Taylor P. (2009), "The Toll-houses of South Devon", p55; 1871 census

A379

Kingsbridge to West Charleton

Bowcombe

SX

744

432

DVSH

KINGSBRIDGE

Bowcombe Creek bridge

 

 

OS 1st Series; ; ;

Kingsbridge and Dartmouth

Jenkinson T. & Taylor P. (2009), "The Toll-houses of South Devon", p55; 1871 census

UC road

Kingsbridge to Plymouth

Fore Street

SX

734

447

DVSH

KINGSBRIDGE

Knowl Terrace

 

 

; ; ;

Kingsbridge and Dartmouth

Jenkinson T. & Taylor P. (2009), "The Toll-houses of South Devon", p56; 1881 census

UC road

Kingsbridge Quay to Tacket Wood

Embankment (Quay)

SX

735

439

DVSH

KINGSBRIDGE

Kingsbridge Quay

 

 

; ; ;

Kingsbridge and Dartmouth

Jenkinson T. & Taylor P. (2009), "The Toll-houses of South Devon", p56; 1841 census

A381

Kingsbridge to Halwell

Sorley Green

SX

728

464

DVSH

KINGSBRIDGE

Sorley Green

jct with road to Loddiswell

 

; Greenwood Devon (1827); ;

Kingsbridge and Dartmouth

Jenkinson T. & Taylor P. (2009), "The Toll-houses of South Devon", p54

A381

Kingsbridge to Totnes

Tacket Wood

SX

733

440

DVSH

KINGSBRIDGE

West Alvington Hill

 

 

OS 1st Series; ; ;

Kingsbridge and Dartmouth

Jenkinson T. & Taylor P. (2009), "The Toll-houses of South Devon", p56; 1871 census

A381

Kingsbridge to Halwell

Malborough

SX

709

398

DVSH

MALBOROUGH

central juction

 

 

OS 1st Series; ; ;

Kingsbridge and Dartmouth

Jenkinson T. & Taylor P. (2009), "The Toll-houses of South Devon", p56

A379

Plymouth to Kingsbridge

Stoliford

SX

66378

50954

DVSH

MODBURY

Toll Cottage

Main Road

at jct with minor lane south of town (built ca 1828 when new route in valley built)

; ; ;

Kingsbridge and Dartmouth

Jenkinson T. & Taylor P. (2009), "The Toll-houses of South Devon", p53

UC road

Modbury to Bigbury

Prigdon Hill

SX

6540

5098

DVSH

MODBURY

Old Toll House  (a ruin)

Prigdon Hill

at fork on the hill climbing up from A2379

OS 1st Series; ; ;

Kingsbridge and Dartmouth

Jenkinson T. & Taylor P. (2009), "The Toll-houses of South Devon", p54

UC road (was B3207)

Modbury to Halwell

Gara Bridge

SX

72995

53422

DVSH

MODBURY

Gara Bridge Cottages, "Mulberry"

Gara Bridge, nr Curtisknowle

at jct with UC road to E of bridge over River Avon (troad built 1824)

; ; ;

Kingsbridge and Dartmouth

Jenkinson T. & Taylor P. (2009), "The Toll-houses of South Devon", p62

UC road (was B3207)

Modbury to Halwell

Mary Cross

SX

6683

5238

DVSH

MODBURY

jct to Shilston Bridge; claims that back wall remains (not convincing)

shown on Tithe map (web ref)

(rear wall visible)

; ; ;

Kingsbridge and Dartmouth

Jenkinson T. & Taylor P. (2009), "The Toll-houses of South Devon", p52; 1841 census

A379

Torcross to Stokenham

Stokenham (Torcross)

SX

81271

42650

DVSH

STOKENHAM

Turnpike Cottage

Torcross Road

opp. Kiln Lane (road built 1856)

; ; ;

Kingsbridge and Dartmouth

Jenkinson T. & Taylor P. (2009), "The Toll-houses of South Devon", p57; 1871 census

B3196

Ugborough to Kingsbridge

Fowelscombe

SX

698

554

DVSH

UGBOROUGH

Fowelscombe Gate

opp. Lodge to estate

 

; Greenwood Devon (1827); ;

Kingsbridge and Dartmouth

Jenkinson T. & Taylor P. (2009), "The Toll-houses of South Devon", p62; 1881 census

B3196

Ugborough to Kigsbridge

Marridge

SX

698

553

DVSH

UGBOROUGH

Marridge Cross

 

 

OS 1st Series; ; ;

Kingsbridge and Dartmouth

Jenkinson T. & Taylor P. (2009), "The Toll-houses of South Devon", p61

 

Known Milestones

In the Milestone Society Database, 36 milestones are identified on the A3122, A379, A381, B3207 and section of UC road,  – most in a design known as Modbury Triangle, Kingsbridge Triangle, Kingsbridge Tombstone, Slapton Marker, Salcombe stone. Based on Trust mileage, would expect 56.

 

Mentions in Exeter Flying Post

 (excluding notices of meetings and letting of tolls)

Government loan to complete road

20-Nov

1828