Launceston Turnpike Trust                          (updated 24th Sept 2013)

This trust was created in 1760 as a town-centred Trust covering roads in NE Cornwall and adjoining parts of West Devon. Its primary responsibilities were; (a) a section of the London Post Road from a little west of Okehampton (in Devon) to junctions with turnpikes to Wadebridge and later to Bodmin (b) branch roads radiating into Launceston from small communities in upper Tamar valley of NW Devon and NE Cornwall.

List of Acts

Launceston

 

33 Geo2 c59

1760

 

Launceston

 

21 Geo3 c86

1781

 

Launceston

Roads in Launceston town

41 Geo3 c10

1801

 

Launceston

 

55 Geo3 c52

1815

 

Launceston

 

5&6 Wil4 c65

1835

 

Launceston

 

30&31 Vic c34

1867

 

Launceston

Expired

43&44 Vic c12

1880

Sept 1880

 

Launceston 1801

An Act for continuing and amending Two Acts, severally passed in the Thirty-third Year of the Reign of His late Majesty King George the Second, and in the Twenty-first Year of the Reign of His present Majesty, for repairing and improving several Roads leading to the Borough of Launceston, in the County of Cornwall; and also for extending the Provisions of the said Acts to the Road leading from the West Gate under Madford, in the Borough of Launceston aforesaid, by Docacre, to the North Gate in the same Borough. [2nd April 1801.]

 

Launceston 1815

An Act for continuing and amending Three Acts for repairing several Roads in the Counties of Devon and Cornwall, leading to the Borough of Launceston. [12th May 1815.]

for repairing, widening,  improving, maintaining, and keeping in Repair, the several Roads comprized in the said Acts, and hereinafter more particularly described, (that is to say,) the  Highways or Roads leading from Comb Brow Bridge, in the Parish of Thrustleton, through the several Parishes of Thrustleton aforesaid, Lewtrenchard, Maristow, Stowford and Liston, in the County of Devon ; Lawhitton, Saint Mary Magdalen, the Town and Borough of Launceston aforesaid, South Petherwin, Saint Thomas the Apostle, Trewen, Laneast, Treneglos, and Davidstowe, to Halworthy in the said Parish of Davidstowe in the County of Cornwall; and from a certain Place called Pennigillam Pool, in the Road aforesaid, in the Parish of Saint Mary Magdalen aforesaid, through the several Parishes of Saint Mary Magdalen and South Petherwin aforesaid, to a certain Place called Trekellearn Bridge, in the said Parish of South Petherwin in the County of Cornwall; and from the Borough of Launceston aforesaid, in  the Road aforesaid,  through   the several Parishes  of Saint  Mary Magdalen and Lawhitton aforesaid, and Levant to Greyston Bridge, in the said Parish of Lezant, and from a certain Place called Laburnick Cross, in the said Road and Parish of Lawhitton, through the said Parish of Lawhitton, to a certain Place called Jonas's Shop, in the said Parish of Lezant and County of Cornwall; and from a certain Place called Pages Cross in the Road aforesaid, in the said Parish of Saint Mary Magdalen, to a certain Place called Hurdon Water in Saint Mary Magdalen aforesaid ; and from Launceston to the Village of Bennacott, in the Parish of Boyton ; and from Launceston to the Village of Sittacatt, in the Parift of Saint Giles in the Heath; and from Launceston to the Village of Egloskerry in the Counties of Cornwall and Devon ;   and also the Road leading from the Weft Gate under Madford, in the Borough of Launceston aforesaid, by Docacre, to the North Gate, in the same Borough.

 

Select Committee on State of Roads 1840

Charles Gurney of Launceston (clerk to the trust) reported

There are 45 miles 5 furl 2ch of road thru 23 parishes – all repaired by the trustees

16 toll gates

The roads are stated to be in “good repair” – no part under indictment for want of repair.

 

 

Report to Secretary of State 1866

BPP (1866); No. 1.—LAUNCESTON ROADS,

The Local Act of the 5th and 6th of William IV. cap 65. repealed the previous Acts of the 33rd of George II. and the 21st, 41st, and 55th of George III., and granted a new term, which expires with, the present session.

 

These roads are 47 miles, 4 furlongs, 7 chains in extent, as follows :—

 

length

Miles.  Fur. Chains

Within town of Launceston

Miles.  Fur. Chains

1. Coombe Bow Bridge to Halworthy

2. Pennygillam to Trekelland Bridge..

3. Launceston to Greystone Bridge..

4. Page's Cross to Hurdon Water   .

5. Launceston to Bennacott.

6. Launceston to Sittacott Farms  .

7. St. Stephen's to Egloskerry    -

8. Southgate to Western Road, via Westgate - .

9. The Old Workhouse, through Horse Lane, to the New St. Thomas Road

10. Lifton to Tinney Old Bridge

11. From the entrance to "Hendra" to Chapel

12. From the house occupied by Simon Adams to the "Little White Hart "Inn          

13. The Junction with the New Tavistock Road to Stourscombe Lane End 

14. " Bennet’s Arms" Inn to the Blacksmith's Shop of William Barriball

15. Callington Cross to Wooda Bridge

 

20  7  0

3  1  0

3  6  5

1  2  7

4  3  2

4  3  0

3  2  0

0

0

 

0  3  7

0  0 5

 

0

0  0  7

 

0  0  6

 

3  6  0

0   1  8

 

 

 

0  7   5

 

 

0  1  8

0  3  4

 

 

 

 

0   1   3

 

 

 

 

45  4   9

1   7   8

 

There are 5 toll-gates and 20 bars on the roads, but each toll-gate and bar clears all the others, with one exception. The full rates of toll allowed by the Local Act are levied.

 

The mortgage debt in 1841 amounted to £11,950, which was increased by £350 being borrowed in 1842, and £250. in 1843, but has been since reduced by portions being paid off (including £350 in 1866} to £9,450, which bears interest, £4,650 at 4 per cent, £3.000 at 4.5 per cent., and £1800. at 5 per cent.

 

The accounts show that the toll revenue fell off in the year 1862, when the tolls were in the hands of the trustees. A sum of £105 was received in 1843 as free gifts towards the improvement at Chapel, and for which money was also borrowed in that and the following year. The funds have been expended in—the repair of the roads;—salaries (formerly £135 per annum, latterly £119, per annum);-—law charges;—interest of debt; —improvements (occasionally); —portions of the principal;—and incidentals.

 

The object the Trustees have in view is, in addition to a renewal of their Act, the making of new works, the necessity for which has arisen in consequence of the recent construction of a Railway having its terminus at Launceston (the Launceston and South Devon Railway) whereby the traffic of the district has been diverted on to roads which though formerly perhaps sufficiently good for the use they were put to, are now highly inconvenient and dangerous; it is therefore proposed to abandon certain portions of the existing Turnpike road, and to adopt portions of certain highways.

 

In the present application, it is proposed to repeal the existing Act, and to obtain further and more effectual powers in lieu thereof for twenty-one years.

 

List of Roads

London Road; A30 (in parts now UC bypassed roads) from Coombe Bow Bridge (Devon), through Lifton and over Polson Bridge to Launceston, then west to fork NW at Kennard’s House as the A395 to Davidstow (Haleworthy) (about 20 miles)

South Petherwin Road; .B3254 south from Pennygillam, Launceston through South Petherwin to Trekelland Bridge over River Lyner (about 3 miles).

Greystone Bridge Road;. A388 S from Launceston then fork SE at Lawhitton onto A384 to Greston Bridge over the Tamar (about 4 miles).

Hurdon Water Road; UC road south from Page’s Cross to Hurdon all in Launceston (about 1 mile)

Bennacott  Road; B3254 N from Launceston over Yeolm Bridge into old Devon and then to Bennacott on the old county boundary W of Boyton (about 4.5 miles).

Holsworthy Road (Sittacott Farms);  A388 over Nether Bridge over Tamar into Devon and N to Sitcott in Giles on the Heath (about 4.5 miles) .

Egloskerry Road;   UC road running WNW from St Stephen’s, Launceston to Egloskerry (about 3 miles)

Tinhay Old Bridge Road; UC road from Lifton to Tinhay Old Bridge (about half a mile)

Wooda Bridge Road;A388 from Lawhitton jct (Callington Cross?), south to Wooda Bridge over River Inny (about 3.5 miles) (same as Laburnick Cross, in the Parish of Lawhitton, to a certain Place called Jonas's Shop, in the said Parish of Lezant)

 

STREETS IN LAUNCESTON (all less than a mile each)

Southgate to Western Road, via Westgate; Streets of Launceston

The Old Workhouse, through Horse Lane, to the New St. Thomas Road

From the entrance to "Hendra" to Chapel

From the house occupied by Simon Adams to the "Little White Hart "Inn

The Junction with the New Tavistock Road to Stourscombe Lane End 

Bennet’s Arms" Inn to the Blacksmith's Shop of William Barriball

 

Click here for a map of Cornwall Turnpike Roads

Click here for a map of Devon Turnpike Roads

Click here to return to Turnpikes Home

 

     Return to Turnpikes in Cornwall general page

 

Launceston gable milestone A milestone on the Launceston Turnpike, sited on the Post Road east of Launceston (in Devon). A design referred to as Launceston Gable (note similarity to Bodmin stones further along A30)

Launceston Milestone A milestone on the Launceston Turnpike, sited on Nether Bridge N of Launceston (on Devon / Cornwall border). A design referred to as Old Launceston Gravestone (note similarity to old Callington and Tavistock stones using just a capital letter)

 


 

Known Tollhouses (extracts from Tollhouse National database) 27 identified of the 16 reported by the Trust (survivors in bold)

Road Classification Number

Route

GATE NAME

OS Grid Ref- Prefi

Easting

Northing

District

Civil Parish

Location (Name or Number)

Road or Street (see across)

Position

Evidence

Revised 24th Sept 2013

A39

Launceston to Camelford

Collan's Cross

SX

121

853

CWNC

CAMELFORD

Collan's Cross

 

 

; ; ;

A39

Launceston to Camelford

Valley Truckle

SX

102

827

CWNC

CAMELFORD

Valley Truckle

 

 

OS 1st Series; ; ;

A395

Launceston to Davidstow

Hallworthy

SX

196

870

CWNC

DAVIDSTOW

Wilsey Down, Treseat Farm

 

 

; ; TP Records CRO;

A388

Launceston to St Thomas

Wooda

SX

3298

8478

CWNC

LAUNCESTON

Number one

Wooda Lane, St Thomas

in embankment of St Thomas Road, where lane rises to jct

; ; ;

A388

Launceston to Pennygillan

Chapple

SX

32946

84386

CWNC

LAUNCESTON

No. 34

Westgate Street

high above the jct onto Western Road, between Pennygillam jct and town

OS 1st Series; ; advert for lease of tolls 1826.;

Launceston to Bude

Hurle Lane

SX

310

888

CWNC

LAUNCESTON

 

 

 

; ; ;

Launceston to Egloskerry

Hurrapool

SX

305

862

CWNC

LAUNCESTON

 

 

 

; ; ;

Launceston to Bude

Ladycross

SX

320

881

CWNC

LAUNCESTON

 

 

 

; ; ;

Launceston to Bude

Rockwell

SX

319

866

CWNC

LAUNCESTON

 

 

 

; ; ;

A388

Launceston to Pennygillan

Town Mills (St Thomas Bridge)

SX

3280

8517

CWNC

LAUNCESTON

Newport, The area by the Trading Estate has been cleared

jct with roads to St Stephens and Dutson

; ; ;

A388 (was A30)

Launceston to Okehampton

Bulsworthy Lane

SX

353

844

CWNC

LAUNCESTON

 

 

 

; ; TP Records CRO;

A388 (was A30)

Launceston to Okehampton

Polson Bridge

SX

355

850

CWNC

LAUNCESTON

 

 

 

; Greenwood Devon (1827); advert for lease of tolls 1826.;

A388

Launceston to Pennygillan

Chapel

SX

3276

8414

CWNC

LAUNCESTON

demolished to accommodate road improvements including the realignment of the A388.

 

; ; ;

 

Pages Cross

SX

3362

8395

CWNC

LAUNCESTON ST MARY

 

near Workhouse

 

; ; advert for lease of tolls 1826.;

UC road

Launceston to Callington

Bennett Arms

SX

35

82

CWNC

LAWHITTON RURAL

 

 

 

; ; TP Records CRO;

UC road

Launceston to Trecarrell Bridge

Scarne Cross

SX

335

834

CWNC

LAWHITTON RURAL

 

 

 

; ; TP Records CRO;

A388

Launceston to Callington

Tregada

SX

347

813

CWNC

LAWHITTON RURAL

 

 

 

; ; TP Records CRO;

A388

Launceston to Callington

Woodabridge

SX

3469

7693

CWNC

LEZANT

toll house, was converted to a public house (Newbridge Inn) in the C19 , now Wooda Cottage (is this the ruin??)

; ; ;

B3254

Launceston to Kilkhampton

St Stephen's

SX

32489

85638

CWNC

ST STEPHENS BY LAUNCESTON RURAL

The Toll House, No. 48

St Stephen's Hill

top of hill at jct with Roydon Road

; ; advert for lease of tolls 1826.;

A388

Launceston to Holsworthy

Dutson

SX

34016

85760

CWNC

ST STEPHENS BY LAUNCESTON RURAL

Old Toll House

Homeleigh, Dutson

80m north of Homeleigh Garden Centre

OS 1st Series; Greenwood Devon (1827); advert for lease of tolls 1826.;

A388

Launceston to Callington

Woodabridge

SX

3471

7683

CWNC

STOKECLIMSLAND

Wooda Bridge tollhouse, Treburley (a ruin)

Callington Road

on hill, S of bridge

; ; ;

B3254

Launceston to Whitstone

Werrington

SX

3202

8821

CWNC

WERRINGTON

Ladycross

 

 

; ; TP Records CRO;

A388

Launceston to Holsworthy

Doble's Thorn

SX

357

882

DVTR

ST GILES ON THE HEATH

Peter's Finger

 

 

; ; ;

UC road (was A30)

Launceston to Okehampton

Alder

SX

477

874

DVWD

BRIDESTOWE

Alder Gate, Lobhill Cross

 

 

; ; TP Records CRO;

UC road (was A30)

Launceston to Okehampton

Leat Road

SX

388

853

DVWD

LIFTON

Leat Road

 

 

; ; ;

UC road (was A30)

Launceston to Okehampton

Lifton

SX

382

853

DVWD

LIFTON

Darkey Lane jct with road to Leat

 

 

; ; ;

UC road (was A30)

Launceston to Okehampton

Tinney (Tinhay)

SX

388

851

DVWD

LIFTON

Tinhay

 

 

; ; TP Records CRO;

 

Known Milestones

In the Milestone Society Database,

6 are identified on A30 in Devon – 5 in Launceston Gable style. (based on Trust mileage, expect 8)

27 are identified on A388, A384, A395 and B3254 in Cornwall –in Old Launceston Pillar style. (based on Trust mileage, expect 37)