Helston Turnpike Trust         (updated 24th Sept 2013)

This trust was created in 1761 to turnpike the main highway from the Falmouth River to Mounts Bay.

List of Acts

Helston

Falmouth to Helston & Marazion

1 Geo3 c32

1761

 

Helston

 

21 Geo3 c78

1781

 

Helston

 

42 Geo3 c10

1802

 

Helston

 

3 Geo4 c126

1823

 

Helston

 New sections of road to replace older parts and transfers road from Treliever to Perran Vale to Truro Trust

3&4 Wil4 c14

1833

 

Helston

 

28&29 Vic c10

1865

 

 

 

Falmouth Marazion 1802

An Act for continuing the Term, and altering and enlarging the Powers of Two Acts, passed in the First and Twenty-first Years of the Reign of His present Majesty, for amending and widening the Road leading from the Town of Falmouth, in the County of Cornwall, through the Towns of Penryn, Helstone, and Marazion, and from thence to and over Marazion River and Bridge, and Two hundred Feet to the Westward of the said River and Bridge. [19th March 1802.]

 

Falmouth Marazion 1823

An Act for continuing the Term and altering and enlarging the Powers of Three Acts, passed in the First, Twenty-first, and Forty-second Years of the Reign of His late Majesty, for amending and widening the Road leading from the Town of Falmouth in the County of Cornwall, through the Towns of Penryn, Helston, and Marazion, and from thence to and over Marazion River and Bridge, and Two hundred Feet to the Westward of the said River and Bridge. [30th May 1823.]

 

Helston 1833

An Act for making, repairing, and improving certain Roads leading to and from Helston in the County of Cornwall. [29th March 1833.]

 

New piece to be made, diverging from the current road near The Star Inn in the village of Trewennack in the parish of Wendron, and passing through the parish of Wendron, to rejoin the same road about Two hundred and forty Yards to the eastwards of the Blacksmith’s Shop at Trewennack aforesaid ; another new Piece of Road diverging from the said Road from Helston to Penryn, about Four Miles and One thousand four hundred Yards from Helston, and passing through the Parishes of Wendron and Stithians, to rejoin the same Road about Six Miles and One thousand five hundred and eighty Yards from Helston ; and if such Parts of a certain Highway as lie within or full into the said last-mentioned new Piece of Road were made Turnpike; another new Piece of Road diverging from the said  Road from Helston to Penryn at or near the Western End of the Long Downs in the Parish of Mabe, about Seven Miles and Seven hundred and thirty Yards from Helston aforesaid,  and passing through  the Parishes of Mab and Gluvias  and the Borough of Penryn, to join the Redruth Turnpike Road at or near the Western End of a certain Street called Pig Street, in the Borough of Penryn aforesaid; and also if the said Trustees were empowered to discharge them-selves from the Care and Management of all or any of such Parts of the said present Road from Heston to Penryn as will lie between the Points at which the said several new Pieces of Road intended to be made in the Line of the same present Road will respectively commence and terminate : And whereas it would be of great public Utility if a new Line of Road were made from the said last-mentioned new Line of Road, commencing at or near Treliever in the Parish of Mabe, and passing through the Parishes of Mabe and Gluvias, to join the Truro Turnpike Road about Six Miles and Two hundred Yards from Truro, and if such Parts of the present Highway leading from Treliever aforesaid by Roscrow Gate to Burnt House, and from the Redruth Turnpike Road to the Truro Road aforesaid, as fall into or lie within the said last-mentioned new Line of Road, were made Turnpike: And whereas the present Turnpike Road leading from Helston to Marazion is in some Parts very steep, circuitous, incommodious, and dangerous, and it would be of great public Utility if certain new Pieces of Road were to be made on the Line thereof; (that is to say,) a new Piece of Road diverging from the said last-mentioned Road at the Western End of a certain Street called Coinage Hall Street, in the Borough of Helston, and passing through a Part of the Bullock Lane and the Lower Green in the said Borough of Helston, to rejoin the present Road at the Foot of the Alms House Hill; another new Piece of Road commencing at the Junction of the old with the present Turnpike Road at Antron in the Parish of Sithney, and passing through the Parishes of Sithney and Breage, to rejoin the present Road at the Western End of the Village of Breage; and another new Piece of Road, of the Length of Two hundred and forty Yards or thereabouts, diverging from the said present Road at a Place called the .Bold Turn, in the Town of Marazion, and to rejoin the said present Road at a Place called the Old Turnpike House, in the said Town of Marazion.

Select Committee on State of Roads 1840

Arundel Rogers of Helston (clerk to the trust) reported

There are 25 miles 1332 yds of road thru 11 parishes – all repaired by the trustees (excepting 366 yds in Marazion, 500 yds in Helston and 880 yds in Penryn)

8 toll gates and 1 side bar

The roads are stated to be in “very good” condition – no part under indictment for want of repair.

 

Report to Secretary of State 1864 & 65

BPP (1865) No. 6.—HELSTON ROADS.

The Local Act for these roads of the 3rd of William IV. cap. 14., repealed the previous Act of the 4th of George IV., and granted a new term, which will not expire until the Session of Parliament after August 1864.

The object the Trustees have in applying to Parliament appears from the following: — Complaints having been made by the public, on account of their being charged the  full amount of tolls for passing over short portions of the road, the Trustees, at a  meeting held .on the lOth of August last, (when it was resolved to apply for a renewal  of 'the Act, in the next Session of Parliament, also resolved, that it was expedient,  in the Bill to be brought into Parliament, to introduce a modified scale .of tolls,  enabling travellers to pass and return once in a day, over three miles of road in any  direction, on payment of threepence for each horse drawing, and one penny for each'  horse not drawing.—This reduction will be a material relief to the public, and also  obviate the grievance of persons living near Helston, who now have to pay two full  tolls for passing over not more than half a mile of turnpike road on each side of the  town, ana going through it to any point beyond the toll-gates. .

The length of road belonging to the Trust is 25 miles 3 furlongs 150 yards, as follows: —

 

Miles

Furlongs

Yards.

From Helston to termination of Trust at Falmouth Prison

From Helston to end of Trust, 200 feet west of Marazion Bridge

From Long Downs to Penryn Old Road by Antron Hill

From Treliever Gate to Roscrow

 

11

 

10

2

0

6

 

2

4

6

158

 

212

0

0

 

25

3

150

Of this, 7 furlongs 150 yards consist of streets within the towns of Helston, Penryn, and Marazion, and repaired by them, making the total length of road repaired by the Trust, 24 miles 4 furlongs. There are 16 toll-gates and bars; nine between Helston and Falmouth, and seven between Helston and Marazion; the payment of toll at one gate, clears all the others on the same line; the full rates allowed by the Local Act are levied.

The debt on this Trust was stated in 1839 at £13,050, part of which was borrowed in 1761; portions were paid off in 1845 and 1856, by which it became reduced to £12,300, which bears interest, £1,600 at £4. per cent., £7.250 at £4. 10s. per cent., and £3,450. at £5. per cent., as set forth in the schedules to the Bill.

The accounts show that the toll receipts fell off during the years from 1845 to 1850, caused by the severe depression of the agricultural, mining, and commercial interests in these years. No parish aid has been received. The funds of the Trust have been expended,—in repairs of the road (of large amount in some years) salaries (£21. to treasurer, £21. to clerk, £52. 10s to surveyor); law charges; interest of debt; improvements (large sums in several years); and portions of the principal (in 1845 and 1856 only).

A sum of £1,500. is due to this Trust from the Truro Trust, for making a piece of road between the Redruth. Turnpike Road and the Truro Turnpike Road in Perranvale, one mile in length ; interest at £4, per cent, has been regularly paid, and appears in the accounts under the head of incidental receipts, but such sum of £1,500. has not. been entered in the annual returns.

 

BPP (1865) No. 2.—HELSTON HOADS.

A Report on these roads was presented to Parliament in 1864, and the observations then made it appears unnecessary to repeat; the circumstances under which this renewed application is made will be seen from the following statement of the solicitors to the Trustees:—" The following arrangement has been made with the Truro and Redruth Turnpike Trust, and the Mayor and Council of Penryn : the Truro and Redruth. Trust to transfer the iron swing bridge at Penryn and the piece of road over it, which now intersects the Road from Helston to Falmouth, to the Helston Trust, who are to maintain the bridge and road and throw them open to the public free of the toll now payable on passing the bridge; the Truro and Redruth Trust are also to transfer, to the Mayor and Council of Penryn, another piece of road from the bridge towards Truro. This arrangement was not made until after the notice of application to Parliament was published; a petition was presented to the Standing Orders Committee with the hope that they would sanction the suspension of the Orders, but they did not think proper to do so."

Clauses 13 and 14 are new, and transfer the maintenance of the bridge and approaches at Penryn, in all 110 yards, to the Helston trustees, and the maintenance of a portion of road, called the Commercial Road, in length 1 furlong 126 yards, to the mayor, aldermen, and burgesses of the borough of Penryn.

Clause 20 is new; it limits the distance on each side of Penryn within which toll shall not be payable, and requires the abolition of the toll on Penryn bridge, but allows the Trustees to change the position of the present Falmouth gate, in the event of a new read, or roads, being opened into the existing road between the said gate and Penryn.

 

List of Roads

Helston Road; From Falmouth Prison as the A39, then UC through Penryn, and west to Helston as A394, through Helston as UC road then west again on A394 over Marazion Bridge to jct with A30 (about 23 miles)

Penryn Old Road: UC from Longdowns at jct with A394 from to Antron Hill jct with A39 (about 2 miles)

Roskrow Road; A39 from Treliever Cross to junct with A393 at Roscrow in St Gluvias (about 1 miles)

 

Abandoned sections of UC road at Mabe Burnthouse and Breage

 

Carnon Road; A39 from Treliever Cross, St Gluvias to Devoran transferred to Truro Trust

 

Click here for a map of Cornwall Turnpike Roads

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     Return to Turnpikes in Cornwall general page

 


Known Tollhouses (extracts from Tollhouse National database) 19 sites as known for 9 gates reported by the Trust (survivors in bold)

Road Classification Number

Route

GATE NAME

OS Grid Ref- Prefi

Easting

Northing

District

Civil Parish

Location (Name or Number)

Road or Street (see across)

Position

Evidence

Revised 24th Sept 2013

erected by (Turnpike Trust or Authority)

Bibliographic refs

A394

Falmouth to Helston

Falmouth

SW

7968

3367

CWCA

FALMOUTH

Ponsharden, North Parade

 

 

OS 1st Series; ; ;

Helston

Taylor P. (2001), "The Toll-houses of Cornwall", p37

A394

Penzance to Helston

Antron (Breage)

SW

6269

2768

CWKE

BREAGE

Roseladden

west of jct with B3304

 

; ; ;

Helston

Taylor P. (2001), "The Toll-houses of Cornwall", p34

A394

Falmouth to Helston

Ponsharden

SW

7968

3372

CWKE

BUDOCK

Toll House

Ponsharden

 

; ; ;

Helston

 

A394

Penzance to Helston

Ashton

SW

59996

28691

CWKE

GERMOE

Toll House

Hendra Croft, Main Road, Ashton

 

; ; ;

Helston

Taylor P. (2001), "The Toll-houses of Cornwall", p34

A394

Penzance to Helston

Crowswolla

SW

6649

2800

CWKE

HELSTON

Gwealmayowe

jct with B3298

 

; ; ;

Helston

Taylor P. (2001), "The Toll-houses of Cornwall", p37

A394

Penzance to Helston

St John's

SW

6544

2756

CWKE

HELSTON

 

 

 

; ; ;

Helston

Taylor P. (2001), "The Toll-houses of Cornwall", p36

A394

Falmouth to Helston

Mabe Burnthouse

SW

76405

34062

CWKE

MABE

top of Antron Hill

 

 

; ; ;

Helston

Taylor P. (2001), "The Toll-houses of Cornwall", p39

A394

Falmouth to Helston

Treliever

SW

7670

3543

CWKE

MABE

Treliever

 

 

; ; ;

Helston

Taylor P. (2001), "The Toll-houses of Cornwall", p36

Falmouth to Helston

Treliever Cross

SW

7663

3488

CWKE

MABE

Treliever Cross

 control the road crossing, the northern road to Truro and the southern road to Mabe Burnthouse

OS 1st Series; ; ;

Helston

Taylor P. (2001), "The Toll-houses of Cornwall", p36

A394

Helston to Truro

Longdowns

SW

742

343

CWKE

STITHIANS

Longdowns

 

 

; ; ;

Helston

Taylor P. (2001), "The Toll-houses of Cornwall", p35

A394

Helston to Truro

Butteris

SW

71901

32991

CWKE

WENDRON

 

cut of section at old jct to Gweek

jct with road to Gweek

; ; ;

Helston

Taylor P. (2001), "The Toll-houses of Cornwall", p38

A394

Helston to Truro

Crahan

SW

6874

2993

CWKE

WENDRON

Toll House

Crahan

 

; ; ;

Helston

 

A394

Falmouth to Helston

Gwealmayowe

SW

6652

2804

CWKE

WENDRON

Toll House

Gwealmayowe

 

; ; ;

Helston

 

A394

Helston to Truro

Rettana

SW

7098

3270

CWKE

WENDRON

Toll House

Rettana

Doubt its existance?

; ; ;

Helston

 

A394

Helston to Truro

Treloar

SW

6980

3110

CWKE

WENDRON

Toll House

Treloar

 

; ; ;

Helston

 

A394

Helston to Truro

Trevenen

SW

6842

2947

CWKE

WENDRON

Toll House

Trevenen

 

; ; ;

Helston

 

A394

Penzance to Helston

Long Rock

SW

501

314

CWPW

LUDGVAN

Long Rock

 

 

; ; ;

Helston

Taylor P. (2001), "The Toll-houses of Cornwall", p33

A394

Penzance to Helston

Marazion

SW

52304

30758

CWPW

MARAZION

Turnpike Cottage

Turnpike Hill

E end of village at jct with lane to north (a holiday let)

; ; ;

Helston

Taylor P. (2001), "The Toll-houses of Cornwall", p34

A394

Penzance to Helston

Bold Borner

SW

54

31

CWPW

MARAZION

Seen on old estate map up to 1800

 

 

; ; ;

Helston

 

 

Known Milestones

In the Milestone Society Database, 19 are identified on A394, –(based on Trust mileage, expect 26)